YASQE extends the CodeMirror Library. For a complete overview of the functionality they offer (such as event hooks), check out the CodeMirror Documentation. Below we elaborate on the functionality YASQE offers (in addition to the CodeMiror API).
Note: Where CodeMirror provides CodeMirror in the global namespace, we provide YASQE.

Getting Started

Initialize YASQE via its constructor, or via the command fromTextArea. Both return in instance of YASQE, from now on referred to as yasqe (lowercase). Both function take as argument a config object. See the section on defaults for more information on this config object.

YASQE(parent: DOM-Element, settings: Object) → YASQE instance: yasqe

Main YASQE constructor. Pass a DOM element as argument to append the editor to, and (optionally) pass along config settings (see the YASQE.defaults object below, as well as the regular CodeMirror documentation, for more information on configurability)

YASQE.fromTextArea(textArea: DOM element, config: Object) → YASQE instance: yasqe

Initialize YASQE from an existing text area (see CodeMirror for more info)



API methods accessible via the yasqe instance
yasqe.setValue(query: String)

Set query value in editor (see also)

yasqe.getValue() → query: String

Get query value from editor (see also)


Execute query. Pass a callback function, or a configuration object (see the sparql settings in the configuration object for possible values) I.e., you can change the query configuration by either changing the default settings, changing the settings of this document, or by passing query settings to this function

yasqe.getQueryMode() → string:

Fetch the query mode: 'query' or 'update'

yasqe.getQueryType() → string:

Fetch the query type (e.g. SELECT, ASK, DESCRIBE, CONSTRUCT etc)

yasqe.getPrefixesFromQuery() → object:

Fetch defined prefixes from query string

yasqe.addPrefixes(prefixes: object)

Add prefixes to the query. The prefixes are defined as {"rdf: ""}

yasqe.removePrefixes(prefixes: object)

Remove prefixes from query. The prefixes are defined as {"rdf": ""}

yasqe.setSize(width: Number|string, height: Number|string)

Set size. Use null value to leave width or height unchanged. To resize the editor to fit its content, see

yasqe.enableCompleter(completerName: String)

Enable an autocompleter with this name. Only makes sense if you've programatically disabled this completer before, as a plugin is automatically enabled when registering it (see this function)

yasqe.disableCompleter(completerName: String)

Disable an autocompleter with this name.

yasqe.storeBulkCompletions(type: String)

Store bulk completions in memory as trie, and in localstorage as well (if enabled). The argument should be a key from the autocompletion settings

yasqe.setBackdrop(show: boolean)

Hide or show gray backdrop

yasqe.collapsePrefixes(collapse: boolean)

Collapsing prefixes if there are any. Use false to expand them.


Static functions YASQE
YASQE.registerAutocompleter(name: String, autocompleter: function)

Register an autocompleter in YASQE. This automatically enables the completer as well

YASQE.consumeShareLink(doc: yasqe, urlArgs: object)

Consume the share link, by parsing the document URL for possible yasqe arguments, and setting the appropriate values in the YASQE doc

YASQE.createShareLink(doc: yasqe) → object:

Create a share link

YASQE.determineId(doc: yasqe)

Determine unique ID of the YASQE object. Useful when several objects are loaded on the same page, and all have 'persistency' enabled. Currently, the ID is determined by selecting the nearest parent in the DOM with an ID set

YASQE.fetchFromLov(doc: yasqe, partialToken: Object, type: "properties" | "classes", callback: Function)

Fetch property and class autocompletions the Linked Open Vocabulary services. Issues an async autocompletion call

YASQE.fetchFromPrefixCc(doc: yasqe)

Fetch prefixes from, and store in the YASQE object

YASQE.getAcceptHeader(doc: yasqe)

Get accept header for this particular query. Get JSON for regular queries, and text/plain for update queries

YASQE.getAllVariableNames(doc: yasqe, token: Object) → variableNames: Array

Fetch all the used variables names from this query

YASQE.getCompleteToken(doc: yasqe, token: Object, cursor: Object) → token: Object

When typing a query, this query is sometimes syntactically invalid, causing the current tokens to be incorrect This causes problem for autocompletion. http://bla might result in two tokens: http:// and bla. We'll want to combine these

YASQE.hideCompletionNotification(doc: yasqe, autocompletionType: String)

Hide completion notification

YASQE.showCompletionNotification(doc: yasqe, autocompletionType: String)

Show notification


This configuration object is accessible/changeable via YASQE.defaults and yasqe.options, and you can pass these along when initializing YASQE as well. Other than the configuration we describe here, check the CodeMirror documentation for even more options you can set, such as disabling line numbers, or changing keyboard shortcut keys.


value: String (default: "SELECT * WHERE {\n ?sub ?pred ?obj .\n} \nLIMIT 10")

Query string

autocompleters: array (default: ["prefixes", "properties", "classes", "variables"])

The list of enabled autocompletion plugins (See this section on how to write your own)

syntaxErrorCheck: boolean (default: true)

Whether to validate the SPARQL syntax

collapsePrefixesOnLoad: boolean (default: false)

Collapse prefixes on page load

backdrop: boolean|integer (default: false)

Enable a gray backdrop on the YASQE instance when a query is being executed. Setting the value to an integer will influence the 'hide' and 'show' animation of the backdrop (set to zero to disable animation)

extraKeys: object

Extra shortcut keys. Check the CodeMirror manual on how to add your own

Note: To avoid colissions with other browser shortcuts, these shortcuts only work when the YASQE editor is selected (has 'focus').
The list of shortcuts provided by YASQE:

  • [Ctrl|Cmd]-Space: Trigger Autocompletion
  • [Ctrl|Cmd]-D and [Ctrl|Cmd]-D: Delete current/selected line(s)
  • [Ctrl|Cmd]-/: Comment or uncomment current/selected line(s)
  • [Ctrl|Cmd]-Alt-Down: Copy line down
  • [Ctrl|Cmd]-Alt-Up: Copy line up
  • [Ctrl|Cmd]-Shift-F: Auto-format/indent selected lines
  • [Ctrl|Cmd]-]: Indent current/selected line(s) more
  • [Ctrl|Cmd]-[: Indent current/selected line(s) less
  • [Ctrl|Cmd]-S: Save current query in local storage
  • [Ctrl|Cmd]-Enter: Execute Query
  • F11: Set query editor full-screen (or leave full-screen)
  • Esc: Leave full-screen
createShareLink: function (default: YASQE.createShareLink)

Show a button with which users can create a link to this query. Set this value to null to disable this functionality. By default, this feature is enabled, and only the query value is appended to the link. This function should return an object which is parseable by jQuery.param

createShortLink: function(string:url, function:callback) (default: null)

Allow users to create a short-link, for the URL generated in the previous function. The callback takes as argument a possible error string, and the shortened URL

consumeShareLink: function (default: YASQE.consumeShareLink)

The callback for consuming the arguments of the current URL

persistent: function|string

Change persistency settings for the YASQE query value. Setting the values to null, will disable persistancy: nothing is stored between browser sessions. Setting the values to a string (or a function which returns a string), will store the query in localstorage using the specified string. By default, the ID is dynamically generated using the YASQE.determineId function, to avoid collissions when using multiple YASQE instances on one page

sparql: object

Settings for querying sparql endpoints

showQueryButton: boolean (default: false)

Show a query button. You don't like it? Then disable this setting, and create your button which calls the query() function of the yasqe document

endpoint: String|function (default: "")

Endpoint to query

requestMethod: String|function (default: "POST")

Request method via which to access the SPARQL endpoint

acceptHeaderSelect: String|function (default: "application/sparql-results+json,*/*;q=0.9")

Accept header for regular SELECT queries

acceptHeaderGraph: String|function (default: "text/turtle,*/*;q=0.9")

Accept header for queries returning a graph (e.g. CONSTRUCT)

acceptHeaderUpdate: String|function (default: "text/plain,*/*;q=0.9")

Accept header for update queries

namedGraphs: array (default: [])

Named graphs to query.

defaultGraphs: array (default: [])

Default graphs to query.

args: array (default: [])

Additional request arguments. Add them in the form: {name: "name", value: "value"}

headers: array (default: {})

Additional request headers

getQueryForAjax: function(doc: yasqe) → string (default: null)

Modify the query before it is send via ajax request.

queryName: string | function(doc: yasqe) → string

A SPARQL query string is usually send with ?query= is the payload for SELECT queries, and ?update= for update queries. By default, YASQE changes this behaviour dynamically depending on the query type. This setting enables you to change this behaviour, by e.g. always sending queries with a ?query= in the payload, even for update queries.

callbacks: object

Set of ajax callbacks

beforeSend: function (default: null)

See jQuery.ajax for more information

complete: function (default: null)

See jQuery.ajax for more information

error: function (default: null)

See jQuery.ajax for more information

success: function (default: null)

See jQuery.ajax for more information

Writing an Autocompletion Plugin

To register an autocompletion, one needs to execute the YASQE.registerAutocompleter function. Below, we describe the autocompletion function in more detail, and the object it should return.
constructor(doc: yasqe) → configurationObject: Object

Autocompleter constructor, which should return the object described below

get: function|array Required

Get the autocompletions. Either a function which returns an array, or an actual array. The array should be in the form ["<completionsString1>", "<completionsString2>"].

If used as a function, the parameters it receives are

  1. token: object If 'bulk' loading is disabled, use this token to return the appropriate list of suggestions for
  2. callback: function If 'async' is enabled, return the suggestions by passing it on to this callback
isValidCompletionPosition: function() → boolean Required

Check whether the cursor is in a proper position for this autocompletion.

preProcessToken: function(token: object|string) → token: object Optional

Preprocesses the codemirror token before matching it with the autocompletions list. Use this for e.g. autocompleting prefixed resources when your autocompletion list contains only full-length URIs E.g., foaf:name ->

postProcessToken: function(token: object|string, suggestion: string) → string Optional

Postprocesses the autocompletion suggestion. Use this for e.g. returning a prefixed URI based on a full-length URI suggestion E.g., -> foaf:name

async: boolean Required

Specifies that the get function is asynchronous

bulk: boolean Required

Use bulk loading of completions: all completions are retrieved onLoad using the get() function. Alternatively, disable bulk loading, to call the get() function whenever a token needs autocompletion (in which case the completion token is passed on to the get() function). whenever you have an autocompletion list that is static, and that easily fits in memory, we advice you to enable bulk for performance reasons (especially because the autocompletions are stored in a trie)

autoShow: boolean Optional

Auto-show the autocompletion dialog. Disabling this requires the user to press [ctrl|cmd]-space to summon the dialog. Note: this only works when completions are not fetched asynchronously

persistent: string|function Optional

Automatically store autocompletions in localstorage. This is particularly useful when the get() function is an expensive ajax call. Autocompletions are stored for a period of a month. Set this property to null to disable persistency. Otherwise, set a string value (or a function returning a string val), returning the key in which to store the data. Note: this feature only works when completions are loaded in memory (i.e. bulk: true)

callbacks: object Optional

A set of callbacks. Most, taken from the CodeMirror showhint plugin

validPosition: function Optional

Fires when a codemirror change occurs in a position where we can show this particular type of autocompletion

invalidPosition: function Optional

Fires when a codemirror change occurs in a position where we can not show this particular type of autocompletion

showHint: function Optional

See CodeMirror manual

select: function Optional

See CodeMirror manual

pick: function Optional

See CodeMirror manual

close: function Optional

See CodeMirror manual

Configuring Autocompletion Plugins

To modify how autocompletion plugins work, you can simply overwrite the settings and/or function that are explained in the section above. To e.g. modify the autoShow setting for the prefix autocompleter, set `YASQE.Autocompleters.prefixes.autoShow = false` before you initialize YASQE. Some plugins may come with extra configuration options such as the prefix autocompleter, that allows you to change the url from where the prefix json is fetched:
YASQE.Autocompleters.prefixes.fetchFrom: string (default: //

Where to fetch the prefix json from. Change this when you'd like to host the json yourself. This might be useful when you run YASQE on an `https` site, considering that currently does not support `https`